The Spanish Desert Ant, Cataglyphis velox is a good model for studying orientation. They live in the desert where the landscape is flat and relatively uncluttered. Ant colonies have many individuals that can provide a pool of test subjects.
Ants that locate food will orient back to their nest using landmarks and the position of the sun. A group of scientists* placed an arena next to an ant nest and placed cookie crumbs in the arena some distance from the nests. After an ant…
Source: Living With Insects Blog