Living With Symbionts

Leafhopper Macrosteles quadripunctulatus
Photo: Xespok’s Hemiptera Gallery

The European leafhopper, Macrosteles quadripunctulatus, is an important vector of plant diseases in Europe. Leafhoppers feed on plant phloem (sap) that has an overabundance of sucrose but is missing essential nutrients including amino acids. To fill this gap in their diet, leafhoppers host microbial symbionts capable of supplying missing nutrients.

Macrosteles quadripunctulatus has two obligate symbionts, Sulcia…

Source: Living With Insects Blog

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